Taxon: Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague ex Britton & P. Wilson

Genus: Cyclospermum
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
  Subfamily: Apioideae
      Tribe: Pyramidoptereae
Nomen number: 406521
Place of publication: Bot. Porto Rico 6:52. 1925 (Sci. Surv. Porto Rico & Virgin Isl.)
  • • the spelling of the generic name "Cyclospermum" is now conserved
  • • Sprague's publication (J. Bot. 61:131. 1923) of this combination was not valid publication under Melbourne ICN Art. 36.1(a), because he did not accept this name, treating the taxon involved as Apium leptophyllum (Pers.) F. Muell. ex Benth.
Name Verified on: 14-Feb-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • marsh-parsley  (Source: L New Mex) - English
  • slender-celery  (Source: F NZeal) - English
  • aipo-bravo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • gertrudes  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mastruço  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • apio silvestre  (Source: Malezas Mex) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: (fide Umbell India; F LAnt)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range in Americas obscure


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Mexico, - Tabasco, - Tlaxcala
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Minas Gerais, - Parana, - Rio de Janeiro, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo, - Federal District
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Buenos Aires, - Catamarca, - Chaco, - Chubut, - Corrientes, - Entre Rios, - Formosa, - Jujuy, - La Pampa, - Misiones, - Rio Negro; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Niger
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Sao Tome and Principe
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Jiangsu
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. John


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Allred, Kelly W. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography. 2008 (L New Mex)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1993. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 38 (Taxon) 42:692.
  • Burtt, B. L. 1989. (949) Proposal to conserve 6004a Ciclospermum Lagasca (Umbelliferae) with Ciclospermum leptophyllum (Pers) Sprague as typ. cons. (Taxon) 38:509.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Constance, L. 1990. Tardy transfers from Apium to Ciclospermum (Umbelliferae) (Brittonia) 42:276-278.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India. 1993 (Umbell India)
  • Ronse, A. C. et al. 2010. Taxonomic revision of European Apium L. s.l.: Helosciadium W.D.J. Koch restored Pl. Syst. Evol. 287:14.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. 2007 (F Carol Virg Georg)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague ex Britton & P. Wilson :