Taxon: Urena lobata L.

Genus: Urena
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 40900
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:692. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: essential oils (source of patchouli oil fide Pl Res SEAs 19:153.)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Pl Book)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:



  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Brunei ; Indonesia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas ; Cuba ; Hispaniola ; Jamaica ; Puerto Rico ; Virgin Islands (British) ; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Paraguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador ; Peru

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso ; Gambia ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Liberia ; Mali ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi ; Cameroon ; Central African Republic ; Congo ; Rwanda ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Papuasia: Solomon Islands
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam ; Micronesia ; Northern Mariana Islands ; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands ; French Polynesia Gambier Islands, Marquesas Islands, Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji ; New Caledonia ; Samoa ; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:138-145.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • Edições Melhoramentes The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary (Novo Michaelis dicionário ilustrado), ed. 22/24. 1979 (Portuguese Dict)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. (Aquat SE US)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt) 5:258.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. (F Madag)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:153.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Check other web resources for Urena lobata L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image