Taxon: Cyperus alternifolius L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
  Subfamily: Cyperoideae
      Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 410346
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 1:28. 1767
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • palmeira-umbela  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papiro-anão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • planta-umbela  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sombrinha-chinêsa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Morocco
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Nuevo Leon, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Baja Norte
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Louisiana
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Colima, - Jalisco, - Morelos, - Oaxaca, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Costa Rica

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics & subtropics

References:

  • Baijnath, H. 1975. A study of Cyperus alternifolius L., sens. lat. (Cyperaceae) Kew Bull. 30:521-526.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kukkonen, I. 1990. On the nomenclatural problems of Cyperus alternifolius Ann. Bot. Fenn. 27:59-66.
  • Rogers, G. & B. McClain 1998. The sedges (Cyperaceae) of Barbados (Rhodora) 100:391.
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

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