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Taxon: Vaccinium myrtillus L.

 
Genus: Vaccinium
Section: Myrtillus
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41040
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:349. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 47 (47 active, 42 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (for wildlife)
  • Bee plants:
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu (n. & c.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland (s.w.)
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.w.), British Columbia (s.e.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado (w.), Idaho, Montana (w.), Oregon (n.), Washington (e.), Wyoming (w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (n.), Nevada, Utah (e.)]


References:

  1. (on-line resource). URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccinium_myrtillus target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Bassil, N. V. et al. 2010. Microsatellite markers distinguish Hawaiian ohelo from other Vaccinium L. section Myrtillus species. Acta Hort. 859:81-88.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Dorn, R. D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  10. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Vaccinium+myrtillus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 4:115-149.
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  16. Hokkanen, J. et al. 2009. Identification of phenolic compunds from lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bilberry (Vaccnium myrtillus L.) and hybrid bilberry (Vaccinium × intermedium Ruthe L.) leaves. J. Agric. Food Chem. 57:9437-9447.
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Vaccinium yatabei Makino
  19. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  21. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  22. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  23. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  24. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  25. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  26. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Morazzoni, P. & E. Bombardelli. 1996. Fitoterapia. 66:3-29.
  30. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  32. Powell, E. A. & K. A. Kron. 2002. Hawaiian blueberries and their relatives - A phylogenetic analysis of Vaccinium sections Macropelma, Myrtillus, and Hemimyrtillus (Ericaceae). Syst. Bot. 27:768-779. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  33. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  34. Shibli, R. A. & M. A. L. Smith. 1996. Direct shoot regeneration from Vaccinium pahalae (Ohelo) and V. myrtillus (bilberry) leaf explants. HortScience 31:1225-1228.
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Vander Kloet, S. P. & T. A. Dickinson. 1999. The taxonomy of Vaccinium section Myrtillus. Brittonia 51:246-247.
  37. Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America
  38. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtillus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41040. Accessed 15 July 2019.