Taxon: Vaccinium myrtillus L.

 
Genus: Vaccinium
Section: Myrtillus
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41040
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:349. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 44 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (for wine fide F USSR)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F USSR)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Book)
  • Animal food: forage (for wildlife fide HortSci 31:1225. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bilberry (based on selection of natural stands fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 116, 128. 2008; as a diploid fide K. Hummer, pers. comm.)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of lingonberry (based on natural hybrids with Vaccinium vitis-idaea fide J Agr Food Chem 57:9437. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of bilberry (based on its tetraploid or hexaploid constitution fide K. Hummer, pers.comm.)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry (based on distant affinities to Vaccinium corymbosum fide Syst Bot 27:773, 775. 2002)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide F USSR)
  • Medicines: folklore (contains anthocianidoses fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Honshu
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Iceland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia

References:

  • (on-line resource). (web document)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bassil, N. V. et al. 2010. Microsatellite markers distinguish Hawaiian ohelo from other Vaccinium L. section Myrtillus species Acta Hort. 859:81-88.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Dorn, R. D. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 1977 (F Wyom)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 4:115-149.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hokkanen, J. et al. 2009. Identification of phenolic compunds from lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bilberry (Vaccnium myrtillus L.) and hybrid bilberry (Vaccinium × intermedium Ruthe L.) leaves J. Agric. Food Chem. 57:9437-9447.
  • Hummer, K. 2013. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. 1993- (F Baltic)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Morazzoni, P. & E. Bombardelli 1996. Fitoterapia 66:3-29.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Powell, E. A. & K. A. Kron 2002. Hawaiian blueberries and their relatives - A phylogenetic analysis of Vaccinium sections Macropelma, Myrtillus, and Hemimyrtillus (Ericaceae) Syst. Bot. 27:768-779.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Shibli, R. A. & M. A. L. Smith 1996. Direct shoot regeneration from Vaccinium pahalae (Ohelo) and V. myrtillus (bilberry) leaf explants (HortScience) 31:1225-1228.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. The genus Vaccinium in North America. 1988 (Vaccinium NAmer)
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. & T. A. Dickinson 1999. The taxonomy of Vaccinium section Myrtillus (Brittonia) 51:246-247.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtillus L. :