Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

Genus: Triadica
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Hippomaneae
Subtribe: Hippomaninae
Nomen number: 410718
Place of publication: Man. s.e. fl. 789. 1933
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 19 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • candleberry-tree  (Source: F LowYangtze) - English
  • Chinese tallowtree  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • popcorntree  (Source: Rep NCEPPC) - English
  • tallowtree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • arbre à suif  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • boiré  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Talgbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kasumbi  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • kirendang  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian (Java)
  • nankin-haze  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • árvore-do-sebo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • pau-do-sebo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • leiteiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • árbol del sebo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • kinesiskt talgträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • wu jiu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: oil/fat (as Sapium sebiferum) oil/fat
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff; wax (oil used for manufacturing candles and soaps, as Sapium sebiferum) wood
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Guizhou Sheng, Hainan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam


    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan


    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Singapore

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  3. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft) Note: = Sapium sebiferum
  4. Esser, H.-J. et al. 1997. A phylogenetic classification of the Malesian Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae). Syst. Bot. 22:620. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  5. Esser, H.-J. 1999. A partial revision of the Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 44:197-206.
  6. Esser, H.-J. 2002. A revision of Triadica Lour. (Euphorbiaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 7:19-21.
  7. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  9. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Sapium sebiferum
  10. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. Note: = Sapium sebiferum
  11. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/chintallow.shtml target='_blank'
  12. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 14:138-142.
  13. Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  14. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  15. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  16. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  17. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Triadica sebifera (L.) Small :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=410718. Accessed 8 July 2020.