Taxon: Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

Genus: Triadica
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Hippomaneae
Subtribe: Hippomaninae
Nomen number: 410718
Place of publication: Man. s.e. fl. 789. 1933
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • candleberry-tree  (Source: F LowYangtze) - English
  • Chinese tallowtree  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • popcorntree  (Source: Rep NCEPPC) - English
  • tallowtree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • arbre à suif  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • boiré  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Talgbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kasumbi  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • kirendang  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian (Java)
  • nankin-haze  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • árvore-do-sebo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • pau-do-sebo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • leiteiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • árbol del sebo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • kinesiskt talgträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • wu jiu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide PROTA4U)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Cornucopia, as Sapium sebiferum; CultTropS, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide Goffman & Gomez 1996, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: lipids (for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: wax (oil used for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: wood (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 14:139. 2001)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: (fide Rep NCEPPC, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Vietnam

  • Naturalized

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Singapore
  • Northern America

    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Taiwan


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Esser, H.-J. 1999. A partial revision of the Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia (Blumea) 44:197-206.
  • Esser, H.-J. 2002. A revision of Triadica Lour. (Euphorbiaceae) Harvard Pap. Bot. 7:19-21.
  • Esser, H.-J. et al. 1997. A phylogenetic classification of the Malesian Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) Syst. Bot. 22:620.
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:138-142.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Triadica sebifera (L.) Small :