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Taxon: Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif.

Genus: Olea
Subgenus: Olea
Section: Olea
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 410990
Place of publication: L'Olivicoltore 19:96. 1942
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 31 (5 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; potential as shade/shelter (as wind screen fide Pl Sci 107:201. 2008)
  • Materials: wood (timber, as Olea africana)

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran
    • CHINA: China [Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan


    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales]

    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


  1. Besnard, G. & A. El Bakkali. 2014. Sequence analysis of single-copy genes in two wild olive subspecies: nucleotide diversity and potential use for testing admixture. Genome 57:145-153. Note: evidence of ancient admixture with subsp. europaea
  2. Besnard, G. et al. 2007. On the origin of the invasive olives (Olea europaea L., Oleaceae). Heredity 99:608-619.
  3. Besnard, G. et al. 2008. Polyploidy in the olive complex (Olea europaea): Evidence from flow cytometry and nuclear microsatellite analyses. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 101:25-30. Note: as a diploid taxon
  4. Besnard, G. et al. 2009. Plastid and nuclear DNA polymorphism reveals historical processes of isolation and reticulation in the olive tree complex (Olea europaea). J. Biogeogr. 34:736-752.
  5. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  6. Breton, C. et al. 2008. Reply to comment on Breton et al.: "Taming the wild and 'wilding' the tame: Tree breeding and dispersal in Australia and the Mediterranean". Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 175:208-209.
  7. Breton, C. et al. 2008. Taming the wild and 'wilding' the tame: Tree breeding and dispersal in Australia and the Mediterranean. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 175:197-205.
  8. Cuneo, P. & M. R. Leishman. 2006. African olive (Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata) as an environmental weed in Australia: a review. Cunninghamia 9:545-577.
  9. Friis, I. 1992. Forests and forest trees of Northeast Tropical Africa
  10. Green, P. S. 2002. A revision of Olea L.. Kew Bull. 57:95-97.
  11. Hannachi, H. et al. 2009. Oleaster (var. sylvestris) and subsp. cuspidata are suitable genetic resources for improvement of the olive (Olea europaea subsp. europaea var. europaea). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:393-403.
  12. Médail, F. et al. 2001. Systematics, ecology and phylogeographic significance of Olea europaea L. ssp. maroccana (Greuter and Burdet) P. Vargas et al., a relictual olive tree in south-west Morocco. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137:250.
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  15. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=410990. Accessed 18 February 2020.