Taxon: Verbena rigida Spreng.

 
Genus: Verbena
Section: Verbenaca
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 41169
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 4(2):230. 1827
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 17-Aug-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Aug-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F EntreR)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo (s.)]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia [Santa Cruz]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Cordoba, Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Santa Fe, Tucuman] Chile, [Santiago] Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bermuda, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  4. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  5. Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, República Argentina. (F Jujuy)
  6. Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. (F BuenAir)
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  11. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  14. Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the IUCN Species Survival Commission; National Biological Information Infrastructure, Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research and the University of Auckland Global invasive species database (on-line resource). (Global Invasive Spec)
  15. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada Catálogo de la flora vascular de Chile. (L Chile)
  18. Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy Phytologia Mem. 2:69.
  19. Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20:39-47.
  20. O'Leary, N. et al. 2007. Revisión taxonómica de las especies del género Verbena (Verbenaceae): serie Pachystachyae Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94:603-605.
  21. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  23. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  24. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  25. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Verbena rigida Spreng. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41169. Accessed 21 May 2018.