Taxon: Verbena rigida Spreng.

 
Genus: Verbena
    Section: Verbenaca
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 41169
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 4(2):230. 1827
Name Verified on: 17-Aug-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Aug-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F EntreR)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Parana, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Buenos Aires, - Chaco, - Corrientes, - Entre Rios, - Formosa, - Jujuy, - Misiones, - Santa Fe, - Tucuman; Chile - Santiago; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Santa Cruz

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Bermuda; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Central America

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, Republica Argentina. 1977- (F Jujuy)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. 1965-1970 (F BuenAir)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the IUCN Species Survival Commission; National Biological Information Infrastructure, Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research and the University of Auckland Global invasive species database (on-line resource). (Global Invasive Spec)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile. 1985 (L Chile)
  • Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy Phytologia Mem. 2:69.
  • Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20:39-47.
  • O'Leary, N. et al. 2007. Revisión taxonómica de las especies del género Verbena (Verbenaceae): serie Pachystachyae Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94:603-605.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Verbena rigida Spreng. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image