Taxon: Vernicia montana Lour.

Genus: Vernicia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Aleuritideae
Subtribe: Aleuritinae
Nomen number: 41193
Place of publication: Fl. cochinch. 2:587. 1790
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jan-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • abrasin-oil-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Cantonese wood-oil-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Chinese tung-oil-tree  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • Chinese wood-oil-tree  (Source: F TE Afr) - English
  • mu-oil-tree  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • wood-oil-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • abrasin  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • arbre à l'huile de bois  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • chinesischer Tungölbaum  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • mu-yu  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Malay
  • falso-castanheiro  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • mu you tong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Materials: lipids (for paints, inks)
  • Materials: lipids (source of tung oil with several applications, as Aleurites montana)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Aleurites montana)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zambia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]


    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba
    • BRAZIL: Brazil

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)


  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:349.
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  4. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  5. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  6. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  7. Nogueira, J. B. & R. D. Machado Glosario de plantas oleaginosas e ceriferas. II. Euforbiaceas. (L Pl OleaCer)
  8. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  10. Rizk, A. M. 1987. The chemical constituents and economic plants of the Euphorbiaceae Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:314.
  11. Stuppy, W. et al. 1999. Revision of the genera Aleurites, Reutealis and Vernicia (Euphorbiaceae) (Blumea) 44:92-94.
  12. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  13. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  14. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:142-146.
  15. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Vernicia montana Lour. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 19 June 2018.