Taxon: Vernicia montana Lour.

Genus: Vernicia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Aleuritideae
Subtribe: Aleuritinae
Nomen number: 41193
Place of publication: Fl. cochinch. 2:587. 1790
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jan-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • abrasin-oil-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Cantonese wood-oil-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Chinese tung-oil-tree  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • Chinese wood-oil-tree  (Source: F TE Afr) - English
  • mu-oil-tree  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • wood-oil-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • abrasin  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • arbre à l'huile de bois  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • chinesischer Tungölbaum  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • mu-yu  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Malay
  • falso-castanheiro  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • mu you tong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide PROTA4U)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: lipids (source of tung oil with several applications fide Bot J Linn Soc 94:314. 1987, as Aleurites montana; PROTA4U, for paints, inks)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide PROTA4U)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as Aleurites montana)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam

  • Naturalized


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi ; Zambia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Guinea
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:349.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Nogueira, J. B. & R. D. Machado Glosario de plantas oleaginosas e ceriferas. II. Euforbiaceas. 1957 (L Pl OleaCer)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rizk, A. M. 1987. The chemical constituents and economic plants of the Euphorbiaceae Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:314.
  • Stuppy, W. et al. 1999. Revision of the genera Aleurites, Reutealis and Vernicia (Euphorbiaceae) (Blumea) 44:92-94.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:142-146.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Vernicia montana Lour. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.