Taxon: Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.

 
Genus: Vigna
Subgenus: Vigna
Section: Catiang
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Phaseolinae
Nomen number: 41647
Place of publication: Repert. bot. syst. 1:779. 1843
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1191 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: potential for high yield in mung-bean (fide Euphytica 86:173. 1995)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of azuki-bean (based on distant affinities to Vigna angularis fide Genetica 114:140, 141. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black gram (based on distant affinities to Vigna mungo fide Genetica 114:140, 141. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mung-bean (based on distant affinities to Vigna radiata fide Genetica 114:140, 141. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rice-bean (based on distant affinities to Vigna umbellata fide Genetica 114:140, 141. 2002)
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West] Swaziland


    Cultivated (cult. worldwide)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  4. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  5. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  6. Doi, K. et al. 2002. Molecular phylogeny of genus Vigna subgenus Ceratotropis based on rDNA ITS and atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer of cpDNA sequences (Genetica) 114:129-145.
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  13. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. Maréchal, R. et al. 1978. Étude taxonomique d'un groupe complexe d'espèces des genres Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base données morphologiques et polliniques, traitées par l'analyse informatique (Boissiera) 28:191.
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:134.
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Simon, M. V. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Vigna Savi germplasm revealed by DNA amplification fingerprinting (Genome) 50:538-547.
  20. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  21. Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. (Voc Nombr Vulg)
  22. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  23. Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. (Leg New Guinea)
  24. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41647. Accessed 21 May 2018.