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Taxon: Xanthosoma brasiliense (Desf.) Engl.

 
Genus: Xanthosoma
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Caladieae
Nomen number: 42083
Place of publication: Pflanzenr. IV. 23E(Heft 71):58. 1920
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Jun-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Tahitian-spinach  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • quélimbé  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • brasilianische Goldnarbe  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • belembé  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • calalú  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominica, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Martinique, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [Saint Vincent] United States [Puerto Rico]
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Pará]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Bunting, G. 1965. Commentary on Mexican Araceae. Gentes Herbarum 9:375.
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Xanthosoma+brasiliense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  4. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  5. Gonçalves, E. G. 2011. The commonly cultivated species of Xanthosoma Schott (Araceae), including four new species. Aroideana 34:3-23.
  6. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae).
  7. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  8. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  9. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  10. Morton, J. F. 1972. Cocoyams (Xanthosoma caracu, X. atrovirens and X. nigrum), ancient root- and leaf-vegetables, gaining in economic importance. Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 85:88.
  11. Plowman, T. A. 1969. Folk uses of New World aroids. Econ. Bot. 23:116.
  12. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  13. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  14. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Xanthosoma brasiliense (Desf.) Engl. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Xanthosoma brasiliense cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=42083. Accessed 15 September 2019.