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Taxon: Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott

 
Genus: Xanthosoma
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Caladieae
Nomen number: 42090
Place of publication: H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. bot. 19. 1832 ("sagittaefolium")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Jun-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 25 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [Saint Vincent] United States [Puerto Rico]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Berlingeri, C. & M. B. Crespo. 2012. Inventory of related wild species of priority crops in Venezuela. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:655-681. Note: recognizes Xanthosoma sagittifolium "tannia" as a regional important crop, and lists all species records of the genus
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Cathebras, C. et al. 2014. Characterization of microsatellites in Xanthosoma sagitiifolium (Araceae) and cross-amplification in related species. Applic. Pl. Sci. 2(6):1400027.
  6. Croat, T. B. & N. Lambert. 1986. The Araceae of Venezuela. Aroideana 9:213.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. de la Torre, L. et al. 2008. Enciclopedia de las plantas útiles del Ecuador Note: re. Ecuadorian common names
  9. Dodson, C. H. & A. H. Gentry. 1978. Flora of the Rio Palenque science center.
  10. Doungous, O. et al. 2015. Retrotransposon molecular markers resolve cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) and taro (Colocasia esculenta) by type and variety. Euphytica 206:541-554. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Xanthosoma+sagittifolium&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae).
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  16. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 5:2330.
  17. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  18. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  21. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  24. Parham, J. W. 1972. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed.
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932-. Flora of Suriname.
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  29. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  30. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Xanthosoma sagittifolium cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=42090. Accessed 17 September 2019.