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Taxon: Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.

 
Genus: Zanthoxylum
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Toddalioideae
Nomen number: 42186
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Zanthoxylum no. 2. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as "Xanthoxylum")

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.w.), Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e. & c.), North Dakota (e.), Oklahoma, South Dakota (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida (Gadsden & Levy Cos.), Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland (w.), South Carolina, Virginia (s.w.)]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. American Herbal Products Association. 1992. Herbs of commerce
  3. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:190.
  4. Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle
  5. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  6. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  7. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  8. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  9. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  10. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  11. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  13. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  14. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  15. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  18. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  19. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  20. Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas
  21. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  22. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  24. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource).
  25. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  26. Wunderlin, R. P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida
  27. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Zanthoxylum americanum Mill. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=42186. Accessed 17 July 2019.