Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn. et al.

 
Genus: Armoracia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Cardamineae
Nomen number: 4234
Place of publication: Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2:426. 1800
Link to protologue:
Comment: since this name was originally based on Cochlearia rusticana Lam., this was an illegitimate, superfluous name (Melbourne ICN Art. 52), so there is no parenthetical authorship (Melbourne ICN Art. 58)
Name Verified on: 02-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Mar-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 83 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • horseradish  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • cran  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • cranson  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • mérédic  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • raifort cran  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • raifort sauvage  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Kren  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • Meerrettich  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • barba forte  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cren  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • crenno  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • seiyō-wasabi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • uma-daikon  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • wasabi-daikon  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • rábano-picanto  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • raiz-forte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • rábano picante  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rábano rusticano  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • la gen shu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China [Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey [Kirklareli]
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]


    Other (possible origin e. Europe)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Dorofeev, V. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Fosberg, F. R. 1965. Nomenclature of the horseradish (Cruciferae) (Baileya) 13:1-4.
  13. Fosberg, F. R. 1966. The correct name of the horseradish (Cruciferae) (Baileya) 14:60.
  14. Guzman, C. C. de & J. S. Siemonsma, eds. 1999. Spices (Pl Res SEAs) 13:76-80.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  17. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  26. Navrátilová, B. et al. 1997. Construction of intergeneric somatic hybrids between Brassica oleracea and Armoracia rusticana Biol. Pl. 39:531-541.
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  31. Warwick, S.I. et al. Part III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica)
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn. et al. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4234. Accessed 20 November 2018.