Taxon: Arnica montana L.

 
Genus: Arnica
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 4242
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:884. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Dec-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Pammel; BernhardSmith; Der Marderosian)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary (extinct?), Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Lithuania (extinct?), Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. (BernhardSmith)
  3. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  4. Britton, N. L. et al., eds. ser. 1; C. T. Rogerson, ed. ser. 2 North American flora ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972 (N Amer fl)
  5. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  6. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  14. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  16. Maguire, B. 1943. A monograph of the genus Arnica (Brittonia) 4:485-487.
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  19. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Arnica montana L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4242. Accessed 24 April 2018.