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Taxon: Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr.

Genus: Arracacia
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Selineae
Nomen number: 4256
Place of publication: Trans. Agric. Soc. Jamaica 1825:5. 1825
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 28 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (fide Pl Book) starch; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru [Ancash, Ayacucho, Junín]


    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (n.)


  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Blas, R. et al. 2008. Analysis of the geographic distribution and relationships among Peruvian wild species of Arracacia. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:643-655.
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Constance, L. 1949. The South American species of Arracacia (Umbelliferae) and some related genera. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 76:39-52.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Arracacia+xanthorrhiza&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  7. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  8. Hermann, M. 1997. Arracacha. Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft. In: Hermann, M. & J. Heller (eds.), Andean roots and tubers: Ahipa, arracacha, maca and yacon. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 21:75-172.
  9. Hodge, W. H. 1954. The edible arracacha-little known root crop of the Andes. Econ. Bot. 8:195-221.
  10. León, B. 1997. pers. comm. Note: re. Quichua (Peru) common names
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  14. Morillo, E. & G. Sécond. 2016. Tracing the domestication of the Andean root crop arracacha (Arracacia xanthorhiza Bancr.): a molecular survey confirms the selection of a wild form apt to asexual reproduction. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 1-8. DOI: 10.1017/S1479262116000046 Note: vegetatively reproduced
  15. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants

Check other web resources for Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4256. Accessed 28 January 2020.