Taxon: Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr.

Genus: Arracacia
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Selineae
Nomen number: 4256
Place of publication: Trans. Agric. Soc. Jamaica 1825:5. 1825
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Jan-1995
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (fide Food Feed Crops US, Pl Book)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of arracacha (based on potential sexual reproduction between cultivated and wild populations fide Pl Genet Res Char Ut 7. 2016)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Ecuador ; Peru Ancash, Ayacucho, Junin

  • Cultivated

  • Southern America

    • South America
    • Caribbean: West Indies


  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Blas, R. et al. 2008. Analysis of the geographic distribution and relationships among Peruvian wild species of Arracacia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:643-655.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Constance, L. 1949. The South American species of Arracacia (Umbelliferae) and some related genera Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 76:39-52.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hermann, M. 1997. Arracacha. Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft. In: Hermann, M. & J. Heller (eds.), Andean roots and tubers: Ahipa, arracacha, maca and yacon (Prom Underused Crops) 21:75-172.
  • Hodge, W. H. 1954. The edible arracacha-little known root crop of the Andes Econ. Bot. 8:195-221.
  • León, B. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Morillo, E. & G. Sécond 2016. Tracing the domestication of the Andean root crop arracacha (Arracacia xanthorhiza Bancr.): a molecular survey confirms the selection of a wild form apt to asexual reproduction Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 1-8.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)


Check other web resources for Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.