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Taxon: Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr.

Genus: Arracacia
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Selineae
Nomen number: 4256
Place of publication: Trans. Agric. Soc. Jamaica 1825:5. 1825
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Jan-1995
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 28 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (fide Pl Book); starch; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru [Ancash, Ayacucho, Junín]


    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (n.)


  1. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica (F Jam)
  2. Blas, R. et al. 2008. Analysis of the geographic distribution and relationships among Peruvian wild species of Arracacia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:643-655.
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 (L Peru)
  4. Constance, L. 1949. The South American species of Arracacia (Umbelliferae) and some related genera Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 76:39-52.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  6. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  7. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  8. Hermann, M. 1997. Arracacha. Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft. In: Hermann, M. & J. Heller (eds.), Andean roots and tubers: Ahipa, arracacha, maca and yacon (Prom Underused Crops) 21:75-172.
  9. Hodge, W. H. 1954. The edible arracacha-little known root crop of the Andes Econ. Bot. 8:195-221.
  10. León, B. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  12. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru (F Peru)
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2 (Food Feed Crops US)
  14. Morillo, E. & G. Sécond 2016. Tracing the domestication of the Andean root crop arracacha (Arracacia xanthorhiza Bancr.): a molecular survey confirms the selection of a wild form apt to asexual reproduction Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 1-8.
  15. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants (Dict Rehm)

Check other web resources for Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4256. Accessed 26 June 2019.