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Taxon: Viola biflora L.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 429918
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:936. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jan-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • alpine yellow violet  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • two-flower violet  (Source: F AlaskaAnd) - English
  • banfsa  (Source: F India) - India (Hindi)
  • kibana-no-komanotsume  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • fjällviol  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Gorno-Altay, Tyumen] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia [Eastern Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Amur, Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Qinghai Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu, Henan Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, [Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim] Nepal, Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Sumatera (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon (w.-c.)] United States [Alaska (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. (F Iberica)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Cody, W. J. Flora of the Yukon Territory. (F Yukon)
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) (L USSR)
  7. Fernández Casado, A. 1984. Estudios sobre el género Viola L. en la península Ibérica I. Cariología (Fontqueria) 5:29.
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  9. Grubov, V. I. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (Pl Mongol)
  10. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening (Dict Gard)
  12. Igari, M. Wild violets of Japan (Violet Japan)
  13. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  15. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  16. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  19. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  20. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton Flowers of the Himalaya (Flow Himal)
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  22. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  23. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  24. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  26. Wang, J. C. & T. C. Huang 1990. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (9) the Viola L. (Violaceae) (Taiwania) 35:27.
  27. Welsh, S. L. Anderson's flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada. (F AlaskaAnd)

Check other web resources for Viola biflora L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola biflora cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=429918. Accessed 20 June 2019.