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Taxon: Viola biflora L.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 429918
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:936. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • alpine yellow violet  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • two-flower violet  (Source: F AlaskaAnd) - English
  • banfsa  (Source: F India) - India (Hindi)
  • kibana-no-komanotsume  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • fjällviol  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Gorno-Altay, Tyumen] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia [Eastern Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Amur, Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, [Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Sumatera (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon (w.-c.)] United States [Alaska (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Cody, W. J. 1996. Flora of the Yukon Territory.
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  7. Fernández Casado, A. 1984. Estudios sobre el género Viola L. en la península Ibérica I. Cariología. Fontqueria 5:29.
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  9. Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia
  10. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Igari, M. 1996. Wild violets of Japan Note: book almost entirely in Japanese
  13. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  16. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  19. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  20. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton. 1984. Flowers of the Himalaya
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  22. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  23. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  24. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  26. Wang, J. C. & T. C. Huang. 1990. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (9) the Viola L. (Violaceae). Taiwania 35:27.
  27. Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.

Check other web resources for Viola biflora L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola biflora cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=429918. Accessed 23 February 2020.