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Taxon: Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino

Genus: Arthraxon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Arthraxoninae
Nomen number: 4302
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26:214. 1912
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Jul-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • jointhead  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • small carpet grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • kobuna-gusa  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Distributional Range:


    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (n.e.), Queensland (s.e.)]


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Colima]

    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Guadeloupe, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America, Costa Rica, [Alajuela] Guatemala, [Quetzaltenango] Honduras, [Francisco Morazán] Nicaragua [Matagalpa]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Portuguesa, Trujillo]


  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Brown, L. E. & J. Schultz. 1991. Arthraxon hispidus (Poaceae), new to Texas. Phytologia 71:379-381.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Chung, I.-C. 1965. Korean Grasses.
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  7. Dorr, L. J. & S. M. Niño. 2001. Arthraxon (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) new to South America. Sida 19:1191-1193.
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Hamzeh'ee, B. & A. Naqinezhad. 2009. Arthraxon P. Beauv. (Gramineae) and Carex caryophyllea (Cyperaceae), new genus and species records from Iran. Iranian J. Bot. 15:68-71.
  10. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  11. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  12. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  13. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  14. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  15. National Herbarium of New South Wales. 1961-1984. Flora of New South Wales.
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Pullaiah, T. et al. 1997-1998. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India).
  18. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  20. Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India
  21. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  22. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  23. Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2). 1993-. Flora Madhya Pradesh.
  24. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  25. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  26. Welzen, P. C. van. 1981. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arthraxon Beauv. (Gramineae). Blumea 27:266.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  28. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4302. Accessed 6 August 2020.