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Taxon: Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino

Genus: Arthraxon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Arthraxoninae
Nomen number: 4302
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26:214. 1912
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Jul-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-May-2019
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • jointhead  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • small carpet grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • kobuna-gusa  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Distributional Range:


    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Primorye]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (n.e.), Queensland (s.e.)]


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, North Carolina, Virginia, Mississippi, Tennessee]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Colima]

    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Guadeloupe, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America, Costa Rica, [Alajuela] Guatemala, [Quetzaltenango] Honduras, [Francisco Morazán] Nicaragua [Matagalpa]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Portuguesa, Trujillo]


  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  3. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  4. Brown, L. E. & J. Schultz 1991. Arthraxon hispidus (Poaceae), new to Texas (Phytologia) 71:379-381.
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Chung, I.-C. Korean Grasses. (Grass Korea)
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  8. Dorr, L. J. & S. M. Niño 2001. Arthraxon (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) new to South America (Sida) 19:1191-1193.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Hamzeh'ee, B. & A. Naqinezhad 2009. Arthraxon P. Beauv. (Gramineae) and Carex caryophyllea (Cyperaceae), new genus and species records from Iran Iranian J. Bot. 15:68-71.
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions (Grass Japan)
  14. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia (Grass SEAs)
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  16. National Herbarium of New South Wales Flora of New South Wales. (F NSW)
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Pullaiah, T. et al. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India). (F Andhra Prad)
  19. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  21. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India (Grass NE India)
  22. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  23. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR (Grass USSR)
  24. Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. (F Madhya Prad)
  25. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  26. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  27. Welzen, P. C. van 1981. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arthraxon Beauv. (Gramineae) (Blumea) 27:266.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4302. Accessed 23 May 2019.