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Taxon: Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg

 
Genus: Artocarpus
Subgenus: Artocarpus
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Artocarpeae
Nomen number: 4319
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 31:95. 1941
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Dec-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 231 (193 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit; seeds; starch; vegetable
  • Materials: latex/rubber

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua Barat] Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Maluku] Philippines

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia (perhaps indigenous), Palau, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Vanuatu (perhaps indigenous)


    Cultivated (cult. throughout tropics)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Solomon Islands (perhaps indigenous)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Arocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 83:143.
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Note: = Artocarpus incisus L. f.
  4. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/A.altilis-breadfruit.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  5. Florence, J. 1997-. Flore de la Polynésie française.
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Artocarpus+altilis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Jarrett, F. M. 1959. Studies in Artocarpus and allied genera, III. A revision of Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus (cont.). J. Arnold Arbor. 40:307-323. Note: = Artocarpus communis J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.
  9. Jones, A. M. P. et al. 2013. Morphological diversity in breadfruit (Artocarpus, Moraceae): insights into domestication, conservation, and cultivar identification. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:175-192.
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  11. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. Note: = Artocarpus incisus L. f.
  12. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Ragone, D. 1994. Description of Pacific Island breadfruit cultivars. Acta Hort. 413:93-98.
  15. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  16. Salma, I. et al. 2006. Diversity and use of traditional fruit species in selected home gardens or fruit orchards in Malaysia. J. Trop. Agric. Food Sci. 34:149-164.
  17. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  18. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  19. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  20. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:83.
  21. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  22. Williams, E. W. et al. 2017. Out of Borneo: biogeography, phylogeny and divergence date estimates of Artocarpus (Moraceae). Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 1-17. Note: it supported four subgenera in Artocarpus; Artocarpus altilis grouped with A. mariannensis and A. camansi in subgenus Artocarpus
  23. Witherup, C. et al. 2013. Development of microsatellite loci in Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae) and cross-amplification in congeneric species. Applic. Pl. Sci. 1(7): 1200423.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Artocarpus communis J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.
  25. Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2004. Complex origins of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis, Moraceae): Implications for human migrations in Oceania. Amer. J. Bot. 91:760-766.
  26. Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2005. Systematics and species limits of breadfruit (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Syst. Bot. 30:603-615. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  27. Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and recircumscription of Artocarpeae (Moraceae) with a focus on Artocarpus. Syst. Bot. 35:766-782. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany

Check other web resources for Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4319. Accessed 20 August 2019.