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Taxon: Arundo donax L.

 
Genus: Arundo
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Arundinoideae
Tribe: Arundineae
Nomen number: 4439
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:81. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358100
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 47 (10 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: fiber
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Astrakhan]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States (w.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Ahmad, R. et al. 2008. Molecular evidence for a single genetic clone of invasive Arundo donax in the United States. Aquatic Bot. 88:113-120.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  7. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  8. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  11. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993-. Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2.
  12. El Bassam, N. 1998. Energy plant species. 150-155.
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  14. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Arundo+donax&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  16. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  18. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  19. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  20. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  22. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  23. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  24. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  25. Mariani, C. et al. 2010. Origin, diffusion and reproduction of the giant reed (Arundo donax L.): a promising weedy energy crop. Ann. Appl. Biol. 157:191-202.
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  28. Milton, S. J. & W. R. J. Dean. 2010. Plant invasions in arid areas: special problems and solutions, a South African perspective. Biol. Invas. 12:3935-3948.
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  30. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  32. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Saltonstall, K. et al. 2010. Genetics and reproduction of common (Phragmites australis) and giant reed (Arundo donax). Invasive Pl. Sci. Managm. 3:495-505.
  35. Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India
  36. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:180.
  37. Spencer, D. F. et al. 2008. Comparative growth of giant reed (Arundo donax L.) from Florida, Texas, and California. J. Aquatic Pl. Managem. 46:89-96.
  38. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:225.
  39. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  40. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  41. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  42. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-382.
  43. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/aquatics/giantreed.shtml target='_blank'
  44. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  45. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  47. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  48. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:114.
  49. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Arundo donax L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4439. Accessed 18 November 2019.