Taxon: Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs

 
Genus: Megathyrsus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Melinidinae
Nomen number: 447623
Place of publication: Austrobaileya 6:572. 2003
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 05-Jan-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Feb-2005
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 281 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (as P. maximum)
  • Animal food: forage (the most important cultivated forage grass in tropical America fide Grass US, as P. maximum)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al., as Panicum maximum)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA, as P. maximum; Invasive Pl Spec, as P. maximum)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia (s.e.), Western Australia]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae) (on-line resource). (Cat New World Grass)
  3. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  4. Barbosa de Sousa, A. C. et al. 2011. Molecular diversity and genetic structure of Guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq.), a tropical pasture grass Trop. Pl. Biol. 4:185-202.
  5. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  6. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  7. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  8. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  9. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  10. Kabelo, M. & D. Mafokate 2004. A checklist of Botswana grasses S. African Bot. Diversity Network Rep. 24:1-16.
  11. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  12. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  13. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:322.
  14. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  15. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  16. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  17. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=447623. Accessed 26 April 2018.