Taxon: Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs

 
Genus: Megathyrsus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
        Subtribe: Melinidinae
Nomen number: 447623
Place of publication: Austrobaileya 6:572. 2003
Name Verified on: 05-Jan-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Feb-2005
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 281 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Blumea 41:197. 1996, as P. maximum)
  • Animal food: forage (the most important cultivated forage grass in tropical America fide Grass US, as P. maximum)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al., as Panicum maximum)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA, as P. maximum; Invasive Pl Spec, as P. maximum)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, - Goias, - Mato Grosso, - Mato Grosso do Sul, - Minas Gerais, - Sao Paulo
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador, - Galapagos Islands; Peru

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Guangdong
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan

References:

  • Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  • Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae) (on-line resource). (Cat New World Grass)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Barbosa de Sousa, A. C. et al. 2011. Molecular diversity and genetic structure of Guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq.), a tropical pasture grass Trop. Pl. Biol. 4:185-202.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  • Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kabelo, M. & D. Mafokate 2004. A checklist of Botswana grasses S. African Bot. Diversity Network Rep. 24:1-16.
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:322.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs :