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Taxon: Asclepias syriaca L.

 
Genus: Asclepias
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Asclepiadeae
Subtribe: Asclepiadinae
Nomen number: 4478
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:313. 1762
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 49 (47 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • common milkweed  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • silkweed  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • silky swallowwort  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Virginia-silk  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • common milkweed   - English (Canada)
  • herbe à coton  (Source: F Canada) - French
  • herbe à la ouate  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • petits cochons  (Source: F Canada) - French
  • asclépiade commune   - French (Canada)
  • gewöhnliche Seidenpflanze  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Seidenpflanze  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • algodoncillo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • asclepias  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sidenört  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: potential as fiber
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana, Oregon]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Utah]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Asclepias_syriaca/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 196.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  8. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  9. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  10. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  19. Wilson, F. D. 1980. Wild kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Malvaceae), and related species in Kenya and Tanzania. Econ. Bot. 33:119-123.
  20. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Apocynaceae&GenusID=Asclepias&SpeciesID=syriaca target='_blank'
  21. Woodson, R. E., Jr. 1954. The North American species of Asclepias L.. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 41:105.
  22. Zeller, R. D. & H. D. Knudsen. 1996. Commercial production of milkweed pods: an alternative business. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Jojoba & the Third International Conference on New Industrial Crops. 398-402.
  23. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Asclepias syriaca L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4478. Accessed 18 September 2019.