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Taxon: Pyrus communis L. subsp. pyraster (L.) Ehrh.

Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pyrus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 448613
Place of publication: Hannover. Mag. 18:223. 1780 (Beitr. Naturk. 1:100. 1787)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 124 (113 active, 38 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: wood (especially for musical instruments, as Pyrus pyraster)

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy (c.s.), Macedonia, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


  1. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. Note: = Pyrus communis L.
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage Note: = Pyrus pyraster
  3. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: lists as Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster (L.) Gams ex Hegi; = P. pyraster (L.) Burgsd.
  4. Palombi, M. A. et al. 2007. In vitro regeneration of wild pear (Pyrus pyraster Burgsd) clones tolerant to Fe-chlorosis and somaclonal variation analysis by RAPD markers. Pl. Cell Rep. 26:484-496.
  5. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  6. Volk, G. M. et al. 2006. Diversity of wild Pyrus communis based on microsatellite analyses. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:408-417.
  7. Voltas, J. et al. 2007. Phenotypic diversity and delimitation between wild and cultivated forms of the genus Pyrus in North-eastern Spain based on morphometric analyses. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1473-1487. Note: = Pyrus pyraster citing "subsp. pyraster (L.) Gams"
  8. Wolko, L. et al. 2010. Genetic diversity of European pear cultivars (Pyrus communis L.) and wild pear (Pyrus pyraster (L>) Burgsd.) inferred from microsatellite markers analysis. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:801-806. Note: = Pyrus pyraster citing "subsp. pyraster (L.)"
  9. Yamamoto, T. & E. Chevreau. 2009. Pear genomics. Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 163-186. Note: as "Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster (L.)"

Check other web resources for Pyrus communis L. subsp. pyraster (L.) Ehrh. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=448613. Accessed 23 August 2019.