Taxon: Crambe hispanica L. subsp. abyssinica (Hochst. ex R. E. Fr.) Prina

Genus: Crambe
Section: Leptocrambe
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 461441
Place of publication: Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 133:517. 2000
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Sep-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 168 in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (as C. abyssinica)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in rape (fide Genome 47:730. 2004, for increasing erucic acid content in B. napus)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of crambe (fide Genome 47:724. 2004, reporting attempts of somatic hybridization with some success involving Crambe abyssinica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 101:1. 1998, reporting hybridization with Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Genome 47:724. 2004, reporting attempts of somatic hybridization with some success involving B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (based on hybrids with Brassica rapa via embryo rescue fide Wild Crop Rel Oils 5:111. 2011)
  • Materials: lipids (for a variety of uses fide Euphytica 89:267. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore (as C. hispanica)

Distributional Range:


    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda, Zaire (n.e.)


    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [North Dakota]


    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.)


  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  3. Prina, A. 2000. A taxonomic revision of Crambe, sect. Leptocrambe (Brassicaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 133:509-524.
  4. Qiong, H. et al. 2009. Chapter 13. Introgression of genes from wild crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 261-308.
  5. Rudloff, E. & Y. Wang 2011. Crambe (Wild Crop Rel Oils) 5:97-116.
  6. Wang, Y. P. & P. Luo 1998. Intergeneric hybridization between Brassica species and Crambe abyssinica (Euphytica) 101:1-7.
  7. Wang, Y. P. et al. 2004. Cytogenetic characterization and fae1 gene variation in progenies from asymmetric somatic hybrids between Brassica napus and Crambe abyssinica (Genome) 47:724-731.
  8. Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder 2005. Phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences Canad. J. Bot. 83:467-483.
  9. Warwick, S. I. & R. K. Gugel 2003. Genetic variation in the Crambe abyssinica - C. hispanica - C. glabrata complex Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 50:291-305.
  10. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  11. Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Crambe hispanica L. subsp. abyssinica (Hochst. ex R. E. Fr.) Prina :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 22 May 2018.