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Taxon: Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz

 
Genus: Epipactis
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Neottieae
Nomen number: 463104
Place of publication: Stirp. austr. fasc. ed. 2, 2:467. 1769, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: the basionym Serapias helleborine L. was conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) with a conserved type
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • broadleaf helleborine  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • helleborine  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • épipactis petit-hellébore  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • skogsknipprot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • huo shao lan  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Yakutia-Sakha (w.-c.), Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, [Sikkim, Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67. Taxon 65:170. Note: proposal recommended
  3. CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 59.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Hajra, P. K. et al., eds. 1996-. Materials for the flora of Arunachal Pradesh.
  9. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  10. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  11. Kreutz, K. C. A. J. & M. S. M. Sosef. 2014. (2278) Proposal to conserve the name Serapias helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) (Orchidaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 63:432-434.
  12. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  13. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton. 1984. Flowers of the Himalaya
  14. Pridgeon, A. M. et al., eds. 1999-. Genera Orchidacearum. Note: Oxford University Press
  15. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  16. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:402-403.
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  18. Wilson, K. L. 2017. Report of the General Committee: 17. Taxon 66:478. Note: proposal recommended
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  20. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=463104. Accessed 18 September 2019.