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Taxon: Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz

 
Genus: Epipactis
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Neottieae
Nomen number: 463104
Place of publication: Stirp. austr. fasc. ed. 2, 2:467. 1769, nom. cons. prop.
Link to protologue:
Comment: the basionym Serapias helleborine L. was proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9)
Name Verified on: 09-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Yakutia-Sakha (w.-c.), Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Hebei, Hubei, Gansu, Guizhou, Liaoning, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Qinghai, Yunnan, Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, [Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim] Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Hajra, P. K. et al., eds. Materials for the flora of Arunachal Pradesh. (F Arun Prad)
  8. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  9. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  10. Kreutz, K. C. A. J. & M. S. M. Sosef 2014. (2278) Proposal to conserve the name Serapias helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) (Orchidaceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 63:432-434.
  11. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  12. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton Flowers of the Himalaya. 1984 (Flow Himal)
  13. Pridgeon, A. M. et al., eds. Genera Orchidacearum. (Gen Orch)
  14. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  15. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:402-403.
  16. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=463104. Accessed 15 November 2018.