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Taxon: Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa

Genus: Citrullus
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 468433
Place of publication: Trudy Prikl. Bot. 81:111. 1983
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 80 (75 active, 51 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • egusi melon  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • egusi watermelon  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • West African watermelon  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • melon à pistache  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • pastèque égousi  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • egusi  (Source: Use Pl WT Afr) - Nigeria (Yoruba)

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (as C. lanatus) seeds (as C. lanatus) seeds (as C. lanatus)

Distributional Range:


    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana


    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Senegal

    • CHINA: China


  1. Chomicki, G. & S. S. Renner. 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museonomics. New Phytol. 205:526-532.
  2. Fursa, T. B. 1981. Intraspecific classification of water-melon under cultivation. Kulturpflanze 29:297-300. Note: as Citrullus lanatus subsp. mucosospermus
  3. Gusmini, G. et al. 2004. Inheritance of egusi seed type in watermelon. J. Heredity 95:268-270. Note: it discussed crosses between "adapted parents" (derived from USDA watermelon egusi-type seed accessions PI 490383 and PI 560006) and plants of these two accessions
  4. Paris, H. S. 2015. Origin and emergence of the sweet dessert watermelon, Citrullus lanatus. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:133-148.
  5. Renner, S. S. et al. 2017. Chromosome numbers, Sudanese wild forms, and classification of the watermelon genus Citrullus, with 50 names allocated to seven biological species. Taxon 66:1393-1405.

Check other web resources for Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=468433. Accessed 20 September 2019.