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Taxon: Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa

Genus: Citrullus
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 468433
Place of publication: Trudy Prikl. Bot. 81:111. 1983
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Jan-2018
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 80 (75 active, 52 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • egusi melon  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • egusi watermelon  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • West African watermelon  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • melon à pistache  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • pastèque égousi  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • egusi  (Source: Use Pl WT Afr) - Nigeria (Yoruba)

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (as C. lanatus); seeds (as C. lanatus); seeds (as C. lanatus)

Distributional Range:


    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana


    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Senegal

    • CHINA: China


  1. Chomicki, G. & S. S. Renner 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museonomics New Phytol. 205:526-532.
  2. Fursa, T. B. 1981. Intraspecific classification of water-melon under cultivation (Kulturpflanze) 29:297-300.
  3. Gusmini, G. et al. 2004. Inheritance of egusi seed type in watermelon J. Heredity 95:268-270.
  4. Paris, H. S. 2015. Origin and emergence of the sweet dessert watermelon, Citrullus lanatus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:133-148.
  5. Renner, S. S. et al. 2017. Chromosome numbers, Sudanese wild forms, and classification of the watermelon genus Citrullus, with 50 names allocated to seven biological species (Taxon) 66:1393-1405.

Check other web resources for Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=468433. Accessed 16 June 2019.