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Taxon: Rosa ×damascena Herrm.

Genus: Rosa
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Roseae
Nomen number: 5328
Place of publication: De Rosa 14. 1762 (P. Miller, Gard. dict. ed. 8: Rosa no. 15. 1768)
Link to protologue:
  • • [= Rosa gallica × R. moschata]
  • • valid publication by Herrmann verified from original literature
  • • it is not certain at this time whether or not Herrmann's and Miller's usage of this name are the same
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • damask rose  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • four-seasons rose  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Portland rose  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • York-and-Lancaster rose  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • damast roos  (Source: Ency Herbs) - Dutch
  • rosier de Damas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Damaszener Rose  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Portland-Rose  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • rosa-pálida  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • rose-de-Damasco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • rosa damascena  (Source: Ency Herbs) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental; ornamental
  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Materials: essential oils (source of rose oil used in perfumery)
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)


  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  2. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.; = R. canina × R. phoenicea or R. moschata
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  4. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  5. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  6. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.; = R. centifolia × R. alba
  7. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976) Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  8. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  9. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: not as hybrid; lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  10. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  11. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.; = R. canina × R. phoenicea or R. moschata
  12. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 19:157-161. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  13. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  16. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. Note: not as hybrid; lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Saakov, S. G. & D. Rieksta. 1973. Rozy. 56.
  19. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  20. Vermeulen, N. 1999. Encyclopaedia of Herbs. Note: Rebo Productions, Netherlands.
  21. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.
  22. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:240. Note: lists as Rosa ×damascena Mill.

Check other web resources for Rosa ×damascena Herrm. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Rosa x damascena cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=5328. Accessed 19 February 2020.