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Taxon: Agave lechuguilla Torr.

Genus: Agave
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Nomen number: 5454
Place of publication: W. H. Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. bound. 2(1):213. 1859 "lecheguilla"
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-Apr-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Tampico fiber  (Source: Agave NAmer) - English
  • Ixtlefaser  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ixtle de lechuguilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • lechuguilla  (Source: Agave NAmer) - Spanish
  • mescal lechuguilla  (Source: Agave NAmer) - Spanish
  • tula ixtle  (Source: Pl Book) - Spanish (Mexico)

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: fiber (principal source of ixtle or Tampico fiber fide Gentry 1982)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kingsbury; Agave ANAmer)

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico (s.), Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango (e.), Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas (n.)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Hidalgo, Ciudad de México]


  1. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  2. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  3. Gentry, H. S. 1972. The agave family in Sonora. U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 399:9,22. Note: mentions; lists as "lecheguilla"
  4. Gentry, H. S. 1982. Agaves of continental North America 154-157.
  5. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  6. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as "lecheguilla"
  7. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  8. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: lists as "lecheguilla"
  9. Silva-Montellano, A. & L. E. Eguiarte. 2003. Geographic patterns in the reproductive ecology of Agave lechuguilla (Agavaceae) in the Chihuahuan Desert. II. Genetic variation, differentiation, and inbreeding estimates. Amer. J. Bot. 90:700-706.

Check other web resources for Agave lechuguilla Torr. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=5454. Accessed 22 July 2019.