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Taxon: Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

 
Genus: Azadirachta
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 6161
Place of publication: Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 19:221, t. 2, fig. 5. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 26-Aug-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter (fide F Males 12:342. 1995)
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines:
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control; plant pest control; plant pest control

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (n.)


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Malaysia

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius
    • Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1985-1992. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition).
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 11:71-76.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Azadirachta+indica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  9. Jacobs, M. 1961. The generic identity of Melia excelsa Jack. Gard. Bull. Singapore 18:74.
  10. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  11. Koul, O. et al. 1990. Properties and uses of neem, Azadirachta indica. Canad. J. Bot. 68:1-11.
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  13. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  14. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  15. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  19. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1995. Flora malesiana. 12:343.

Check other web resources for Azadirachta indica A. Juss. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6161. Accessed 12 November 2019.