Taxon: Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench

 
Genus: Abelmoschus
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 619
Place of publication: Methodus 617. 1794
Comment: a probable allopolyploid
Name Verified on: 26-Jul-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Jul-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 2407 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: probable progenitor of West African okra (probable maternal donor fide Genet Res Crop Evol 63:441. 2016)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated:

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Gabon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Malaysia; Philippines
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Greece
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Barbados
    • Central America: Belize; Guatemala

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bates, D. M. 1968. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae 2. Abelmoschus (Baileya) 16:110-112.
  • Bisht, I. S. & K. V. Bhat 2007. Vegetable crops: Okra (Abelmoschus spp.) (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 148-183.
  • Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:100-101.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hermann, M. 1997. Arracacha. Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft. In: Hermann, M. & J. Heller (eds.), Andean roots and tubers: Ahipa, arracacha, maca and yacon 87.
  • Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:352.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Jørgensen, P. M., ed. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia) (on-line resource). (L Bolivia Online)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Patil, P. et al. 2015. A systematic review of the genus Abelmoschus (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 25:14-30.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Schafleitner, R. et al. 2013. The okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) transcriptome as a source for gene sequence information and molecular markers for diversity analysis (Gene) 517:27-36.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:57.
  • Werner, O. et al. 2016. Molecular systematic of Abelmoschus (Malvaceae) and genetic diversity within the cultivated species of this genus based on nuclear ITS and chloroplast rpL16 sequence data Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 63:429-445.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image