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Taxon: Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench

 
Genus: Abelmoschus
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 619
Place of publication: Methodus 617. 1794
Link to protologue:
Comment: a probable allopolyploid
Name Verified on: 26-Jul-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Jul-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 2407 (2255 active, 1271 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Former Yugoslavia, Greece

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Bates, D. M. 1968. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae 2. Abelmoschus (Baileya) 16:110-112.
  4. Bisht, I. S. & K. V. Bhat 2007. Vegetable crops: Okra (Abelmoschus spp.) (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 148-183.
  5. Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:100-101.
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  8. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  15. Hermann, M. 1997. Arracacha. Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft. In: Hermann, M. & J. Heller (eds.), Andean roots and tubers: Ahipa, arracacha, maca and yacon 87.
  16. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:352.
  17. Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. (F Madag)
  18. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  19. Jørgensen, P. M., ed. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia) (on-line resource). (L Bolivia Online)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  24. Patil, P. et al. 2015. A systematic review of the genus Abelmoschus (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 25:14-30.
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Schafleitner, R. et al. 2013. The okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) transcriptome as a source for gene sequence information and molecular markers for diversity analysis (Gene) 517:27-36.
  28. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:57.
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=619. Accessed 21 November 2018.