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Taxon: Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik.

 
Genus: Abelmoschus
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 621
Place of publication: Malvenfam. 46. 1787
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 332 (324 active, 238 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Materials: gum/resin (mucilage used in China & Japan to size paper) gum/resin (mucilage used in China & Japan to size paper)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand (n.)
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Vanuatu


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Bates, D. M. 1968. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae 2. Abelmoschus. Baileya 16:107-110.
  4. Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised. Blumea 14:95-100.
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Abelmoschus+manihot&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  12. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  13. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  15. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:73.
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Patil, P. et al. 2015. A systematic review of the genus Abelmoschus (Malvaceae). Rheedea 25:14-30.
  18. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar. 1988. Malvaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 19:107.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Reddy, M. T. 2015. Crossability behavior and fertility restoration through colchiploidy in interspecific hybrids of Abelmoschus esculentus × Abelmoschus manihot subsp. tetraphyllus. Int. J. Pl. Sci. Ecol. 1:172-181. Note: ISSN Online 2381-7003
  22. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  23. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:60-62.
  24. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  25. Still, S. M. 1994. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4
  26. Tai Hyun Chung. 1965. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta.
  27. Tyagi, A. P. 2002. Cytogenetics and reproductive biology of some BELE (Abelmoschus manihot Linn., Medic sub-species manihot) cultivars. S. Pacific J. Nat. Sci. 20:4-8.
  28. Werner, O. et al. 2016. Molecular systematics of Abelmoschus (Malvaceae) and genetic diversity within the cultivated species of this genus based on nuclear ITS and chloroplast rpL16 sequence data. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 63:429-445.
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=621. Accessed 20 July 2019.