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Taxon: Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

 
Genus: Balanites
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Tribuloideae
Nomen number: 6322
Place of publication: Descr. Egypte, Hist. nat. 221, t. 28, fig. 1. 1813-1814 ("1812")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 24-Aug-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: gum/mucilage (fide Kew Bull 56:54-55. 2001) oil/fat (fide Kew Bull 56:54-55. 2001) vegetable (fide Kew Bull 56:54-55. 2001)
  • Materials: essential oils; fiber; gum/resin; tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines:
  • Non-vertebrate poisons:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Jordan


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India


References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66. Taxon 63:1358. DOI: 10.12705/636.20 Note: Balanites conserved as feminine, contrary to Melbourne ICN Art. 62.4
  3. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Balanites (desert date, lalob). Lost crops of Africa. 3:23-39.
  4. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  5. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  6. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  8. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14 Note: lists as "aegyptiacus"
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: lists as "aegyptiacus"
  11. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  12. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland. Note: lists as "aegyptiacus"
  14. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  15. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  16. Robyns, W. et al., eds. 1948-1963. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi
  17. Sands, M. J. S. 2001. The desert date and its relatives: a revision of the genus Balanites. Kew Bull. 56:51-74. Note: lists as "aegyptiacus"
  18. Sands, M. J. S. 2013. (2138) Proposal to conserve Balanites, nom. cons. (Zygophyllaceae) as being of feminine gender. Taxon 62:410-411. DOI: 10.12705/622.25
  19. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  20. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  21. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6322. Accessed 16 November 2019.