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Taxon: Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton

 
Genus: Barbarea
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Cardamineae
Nomen number: 6491
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 4:109. 1812
Link to protologue:
Comment: R. Brown is considered to have authored the Brassicaceae in Aiton's Hortus kew. ed. 2 (see TL-2 Suppl. III: 141), but with no indication of this in the work itself Aiton is author of new names therein (Shenzhen ICN Art. 46, Note 5, but see Ex. 25)
Name Verified on: 25-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • bittercress  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • cressy-greens  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • herb-Barbaras  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • rocket cress  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • upland cress  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • wintercress  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • yellow rocket  (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English
  • yellow rocket  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • herbe aux charpentiers  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • herbe de Sainte-Barbe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • barbarée vulgaire  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Barbarakraut  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • erva-de-Santa-Bárbara  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • agrião-de-inverno  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • hierba de Santa Bárbara  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Human food:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.w.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh] Pakistan, Sri Lanka

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Chubut, Río Negro]


References:

  1. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  2. Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 119.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Dorofeev, V. I. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Hegi, G. et al. 1906-. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  17. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  18. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  21. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  34. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  35. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  38. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  40. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  41. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6491. Accessed 18 February 2020.