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Taxon: Basella alba L.

 
Genus: Basella
Family: Basellaceae
Nomen number: 6531
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:272. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 24 (4 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13; F ChinaEng)
  • Food additives:
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zambia

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, St. Lucia
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Borneo, Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Philippines

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, St. Lucia
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Other (probable origin paleotropics)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 2005. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 51:114-116.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  5. Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2
  6. Burger, W. C., ed. 1971-. Flora costaricensis.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Basella+alba&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  12. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  13. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  14. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource).
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  17. Hara, H. 1966-1975. Flora of eastern Himalaya Note: v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975
  18. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  20. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  21. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  22. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  23. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  24. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  25. Keng, H. 1990-. The concise flora of Singapore.
  26. Kress, W. J. et al., eds. Revised checklist of the plants of Myanmar (Burma) (on-line resource).
  27. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  28. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  29. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  30. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  32. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  33. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:83
  34. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  35. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  37. Press, J. R. et al. 2000-. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource)
  38. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  39. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  40. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:93.
  41. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  42. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  43. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  44. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  45. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  46. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  48. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  49. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Basella alba L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6531. Accessed 21 October 2019.