Taxon: Basella alba L.

 
Genus: Basella
Family: Basellaceae
Nomen number: 6531
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:272. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13; F ChinaEng)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide L Edible Pl; CultTropS; F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zambia

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Java] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: U.S. Outlying Islands, [Midway Islands] United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, St. Lucia
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Rwanda, Zaire
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Borneo, Indonesia, [Java, Sumatra] Philippines

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: U.S. Outlying Islands, [Midway Islands] United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, St. Lucia
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Other (probable origin paleotropics)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 2005. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 51:114-116.
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  6. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  7. Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  8. Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. (F CostaR)
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  14. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  15. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  16. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  18. Hara, H. Flora of eastern Himalaya. v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975 (F EHimal)
  19. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  20. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  21. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  22. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  23. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  24. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  25. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  26. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  27. Keng, H. The concise flora of Singapore. (F Singapore)
  28. Kress, W. J. et al., eds. Revised checklist of the plants of Myanmar (Burma) (on-line resource). (L Myanmar Online)
  29. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  30. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  31. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  32. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  34. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  35. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:83
  36. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  37. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  38. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  39. Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  40. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  41. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  42. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:93.
  43. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  44. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  45. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  46. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  47. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  48. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  49. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Basella alba L. :

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6531. Accessed 26 April 2018.