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Taxon: Bergera koenigii L.

Genus: Bergera
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Clauseneae
Nomen number: 7011
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:563. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Oct-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (6 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • currybush  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • curryleaf  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Indian bay  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • arbre à curry  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • arbre à feuilles de curry  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • caloupilé  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • carri poulet  (Source: F Mascar) - French
  • faripoulé  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • feuilles de curry  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • Curry-Orangenraute  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • barsanga  (Source: Wealth India RM) - Hindi
  • folhas-de-caril  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • currybladsbuske  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (as Murraya koenigii)
  • Food additives: flavoring (as Murraya koenigii)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (as Murraya koenigii)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Guangdong Sheng, Yunnan Sheng (s.), Hainan Sheng]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal] Nepal, Pakistan (n.), Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand (n.), Vietnam


    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    • CHINA: China

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia



  1. Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 96:668-685. Note: Bergera koenigii is resolved within the Aurantioideae in a subclade distant from Murraya s.s., and all within a non-monophyletic Swingle's Clauseneae
  2. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  3. Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an effective tool to facilitate variety improvement. In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434-449. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  4. Guerra, M. et al. 2000. Heterochromatin banding patterns in Rutaceae-Aurantioideae - a case of parallel chromosomal evolution. Amer. J. Bot. 87:735-747.
  5. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  6. Jacas, J. A. et al. 1997. Screening of different citrus rootstocks and citrus-related species for resistance to Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Crop Protect. 16:701-705. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  7. Samuel, R. et al. 2001. Phylogenetic analyses of Aurantioideae (Rutaceae) based on non-coding plastid DNA sequences and phytochemical features. Pl. Biol. 3:77-87.
  8. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  9. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  10. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  11. Verma, R. S. et al. 2012. Aroma profiles of the curry leaf, Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. chemotypes: variability in north India during the year. Industr. Crops Prod. 36:343-348. Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.
  12. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.

Check other web resources for Bergera koenigii L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7011. Accessed 5 July 2020.