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Taxon: Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don

 
Genus: Catharanthus
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Vinceae
Nomen number: 70159
Place of publication: Gen. hist. 4:95. 1837
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Sep-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 63 (49 active, 13 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Medicines: source of vinblastine & vincristine; source of vinblastine & vincristine; source of vinblastine & vincristine; source of vinblastine & vincristine

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece [Crete]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Malaysia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand [Kermadec Islands]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (s.e.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (San Diego Co.)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Yucatán]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, United States [Northern Mariana Islands, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga, United States [American Samoa]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, [Galápagos] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Bergen, M. A. van. 1996. Revision of Catharanthus G. Don, series of revisions of Apocynaceae XLI. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 96-3:32-35.
  6. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  9. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  10. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  11. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  12. DeFilipps, R. A. 1992. Ornamental garden plants of the Guianas Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
  13. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  14. Ellis, M. A. 1997. Compendium of raspberry and blackberry diseases and insects. The disease compendium series. 55.
  15. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  16. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
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  19. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Catharanthus+roseus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  20. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  21. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  22. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  23. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  24. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
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  26. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1976. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  27. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  28. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  29. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  30. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  31. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
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  37. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  38. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  39. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
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  42. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):185.
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  45. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  46. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  47. Snoeijer, W. 1996. Catharanthus roseus, the Madagascar periwinkle, a review of its cultivars. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 96-3:47-120.
  48. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  49. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  50. Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24
  51. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  52. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  53. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70159. Accessed 13 October 2019.