Taxon: Bertholletia excelsa Humb. & Bonpl.

 
Genus: Bertholletia
Family: Lecythidaceae
  Subfamily: Lecythidoideae
Nomen number: 7022
Place of publication: Pl. aequinoct. 1:122-127, t. 36. 1807 ("1808")
Comment: despite the indication in TL-2 of Bonpland as the "Author of text" for this work, Bonpland is really only identified on the title page as the editor of a work jointly authored by both Humboldt and Bonpland, who thus have joint authorship of any nomenclatural novelties therein
Name Verified on: 10-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-May-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: nut (fide F Neotrop 21(2):117. 1990)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Amapa, - Amazonas, - Mato Grosso, - Para
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela - Amazonas
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Beni; Colombia - Amazonas; Peru - Madre de Dios

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mori, S. A. & G. T. Prance 1990. Lecythidaceae - Part II. The zygomorphic-flowered New World genera (Couroupita, Corythophora, Bertholletia, Couratari, Eschweilera, & Lecythis) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 21(2):114-118.
  • Mori, S. A. et al. Lecythidaceae pages (on-line resource). (Lecythidaceae Pages)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. 1970 (Names Soukup)
  • Villachica, H. 1996. Frutales y hortalizas promisorios de la amazonia (CoopAmaz) 44:85-95.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

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