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Taxon: Schinus molle L.

 
Genus: Schinus
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 70668
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:388. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • California peppertree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • peppertree  (Source: F Guat) - English
  • Peruvian peppertree  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • Peruvian-mastictree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • faux poivrier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • molée des jardins  (Source: HerbSpices) - French
  • poivrier d'Amérique  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Pfefferbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • aroeira-do-Amazonas  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aroeira-folha-de-salso  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aroeiro-mole  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • corneiva  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pimenteira-do-Peru  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aguaribai  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • molle  (Source: F Patag) - Spanish
  • pimientero falso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • pirul  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rosépeppar  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry; ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, [Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija] Ecuador, [Azuay, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Imbabura, Loja, Pichincha, Tungurahua] Peru [Ancash, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lima, Moquegua, Pasco, Tacna]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Córdoba, Catamarca, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, San Luis, Santa Fe, Tucumán] Chile (n.), Paraguay, [Caaguazú, Guairá, Itapúa, Misiones] Uruguay


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Correa, M. N. 1969-. Flora patagonica.
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Schinus+molle&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  14. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  15. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  16. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  17. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  18. Killeen, T. J. et al. 1993. Guia de arboles de Bolivia
  19. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants
  20. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  29. Spichiger, R., ed. 1985-. Flora del Paraguay.
  30. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  31. Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721.
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  33. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  34. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  35. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.
  36. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Schinus molle L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Schinus molle cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70668. Accessed 16 November 2019.