Taxon: Schinus molle L.

 
Genus: Schinus
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 70668
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:388. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 24-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Oct-2000
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • California peppertree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • peppertree  (Source: F Guat) - English
  • Peruvian peppertree  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • Peruvian-mastictree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • faux poivrier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • molée des jardins  (Source: HerbSpices) - French
  • poivrier d'Amérique  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Pfefferbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • aroeira-do-Amazonas  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aroeira-folha-de-salso  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aroeiro-mole  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • corneiva  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pimenteira-do-Peru  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aguaribai  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • molle  (Source: F Patag) - Spanish
  • pimientero falso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • pirul  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rosépeppar  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fruits used after drying fide F Ecuador; F Guat)
  • Environmental: agroforestry ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, [Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosi, Tarija] Ecuador, [Azuay, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Imbabura, Loja, Pichincha, Tungurahua] Peru [Ancash, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cuzco, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lima, Moquegua, Pasco, Tacna]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Cordoba, Catamarca, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, San Luis, Santa Fe, Tucuman] Chile (n.), Paraguay, [Caaguazu, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones] Uruguay


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galapagos Islands]


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  6. Correa, M. N. Flora patagonica. (F Patag)
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  15. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  16. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  17. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  19. Killeen, T. J. et al. Guia de arboles de Bolivia. 1993 (Trees Bolivia)
  20. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  26. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  30. Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. (F Parag)
  31. Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. (TreesS Mex)
  32. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  35. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  36. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Schinus molle L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Schinus molle cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70668. Accessed 22 April 2018.