Taxon: Bixa orellana L.

 
Genus: Bixa
Family: Bixaceae
Nomen number: 7249
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:512. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Jan-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (fide F Panama; F VenGuay)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia (n.), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere in tropics)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  6. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  7. Dequigiovani, G. et al. 2017. Genetic diversity and structure in a major Brazilia annatto (Bixa orellana) germplasm bank revealed by microsatellites and phytochemical compounds Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 64:1775-1788.
  8. Dodson, C. H. & A. H. Gentry Flora of the Rio Palenque science center. (F RPalenq)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  12. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  16. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  18. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Roosmalen, M. G. van Surinaams vruchtenboek. 1977 (Surinaam V)
  28. Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83. (L Belize)
  29. Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. (F Parag)
  30. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  31. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  32. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  33. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  34. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Bixa orellana L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7249. Accessed 19 April 2018.