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Taxon: Blitum capitatum L.

Genus: Blitum
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Anserineae
Nomen number: 7273
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:4. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 30-Nov-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (3 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Indian-ink  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Indian-paint  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • strawberry-blight  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • strawberry-blite  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • strawberry-spinach  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • arroche fraise  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • ähriger Erdbeerspinat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kopfiger Erdbeerspinat  (Source: Zander ed16) - German
  • bledo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smultronmålla  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (as Chenopodium capitatum)

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions)

    Other (possible garden origin)


  1. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  2. Fuentes-Bazan, S. et al. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia 42:17.
  3. Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  4. Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 3:605. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  5. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  6. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  7. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  8. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi
  9. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi

Check other web resources for Blitum capitatum L. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7273. Accessed 5 July 2020.