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Taxon: Borago officinalis L.

 
Genus: Borago
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Boragineae
Subtribe: Boragininae
Nomen number: 7422
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:137. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production; honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (contain carcinogens)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Sweden
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Romania

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Borago_officinalis/ target='_blank'
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  6. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 83-84.
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  12. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Borago+officinalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  16. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  17. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  18. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  19. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  21. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  22. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  23. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  24. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  25. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  26. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  27. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  28. Lems, K. 1960. Floristic botany of the Canary islands.
  29. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  30. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  32. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  33. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  34. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  35. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  36. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  37. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  38. Riedl, H. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  39. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  40. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  41. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  42. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.

Check other web resources for Borago officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7422. Accessed 21 July 2019.