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Taxon: Borago officinalis L.

 
Genus: Borago
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Boragineae
Subtribe: Boragininae
Nomen number: 7422
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:137. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 5 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production; honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (contain carcinogens)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Sweden
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Romania

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  6. Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 83-84.
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  12. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  16. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  17. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  18. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  19. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  21. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  22. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  23. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  24. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  25. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  26. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  27. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  28. Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. (L Canary)
  29. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  30. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  32. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  33. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  34. Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  35. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  36. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. Flora of Madeira. (F Madeira)
  37. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  38. Riedl, H. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  39. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  40. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  41. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  42. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Borago officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7422. Accessed 18 December 2018.