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Taxon: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7654
Place of publication: Consp. pl. charc. 8. 1859 Mar (E. Cosson, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6:609. 1860 Jan)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1165 (483 active, 407 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • brown mustard  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Chinese mustard  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • India mustard  (Source: Federal Seed Act) - English
  • Indian mustard  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • leaf mustard  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Oriental mustard  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • vegetable mustard  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Indian mustard   - English (Canada)
  • moutarde brune  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • moutarde de Chine  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • moutarde de Sarepta  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • moutarde frisée  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • moutarde indienne  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • moutarde d’Inde   - French (Canada)
  • brauner Senf  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Ruten-Kohl  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Sarepta-Senf  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • sawi  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • sesawi  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • senape indiana  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • karashi-na  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • kai choy  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Malay
  • sawi pahit  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Malay
  • mostarda-indiana  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • mostarda-vermelha  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • mostaza india  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • haradali  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • mastadi  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • sareptasenap  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • jie cai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • gas  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for pollution control (as heavy metal hyperaccumulator)
  • Human food: seeds; vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • Europe (s.e. & n.)

    Northern America
    • North America

    Southern America
    • South America


    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (n.e.)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, [Trinidad] United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British) [Virgin Gorda]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay [Alto Paraguay]


    Uncertain

    Asia-Temperate
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia


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Check other web resources for Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7654. Accessed 21 August 2019.