Taxon: Brassica nigra (L.) W. D. J. Koch

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7666
Place of publication: J. C. Röing, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4:713. 1833
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Typification:
Name Verified on: 02-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 99 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape (fide Pl Breed (NY), based on a transgenic line of B. nigra resistant to both Phoma lingam and Plasmodiophora brassicae)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in turnip (fide Theor Appl Genet 102:487. 2001, based on the comparison and location of resistance genes in recombinant lines B-genome/B. napus)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black mustard ()
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:297. 2006)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of mustard (fide Euphytica 158:214. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (based on successful hybridization as male parent with Brassica carinata fide Euphytica 158:214, 217. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Theor Appl Genet 94:605. 1997, based on successful production of F1 hybrids with B. oleracea as male parent)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of mustard (based on successful hybridization reports with Brassica juncea as the female parent fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (based on a record of hybrid formation with Raphanus sativus by ovary culture fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Pl Breed 113:106. 2006, based on somatic hybridization with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Sinapis alba)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Medicines: source of allyl isothiocyanate (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Jiangsu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Xizang]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (n.)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Mpumalanga]

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: U.S. Outlying Islands, [Midway Islands] United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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Check other web resources for Brassica nigra (L.) W. D. J. Koch :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7666. Accessed 26 April 2018.