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Taxon: Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.

 
Genus: Tephrosia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Millettieae
Nomen number: 80167
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 2(2):329. 1807
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/235663
Name Verified on: 27-Jan-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 12 (7 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (cover crop) ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (considered a serious weed in India)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen (n.)
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt, [Sinai] Iran
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia]


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Bentham, G. 1863-1878. Flora australiensis
  3. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  4. Bosman, M. T. M. & A. J. P. De Haas. 1983. A revision of the genus Tephrosia (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in Malesia. Blumea 28:464.
  5. Craib, W. G. & A. F. G. Kerr, eds. 1925-1962. Florae siamensis enumeratio.
  6. Du Puy, D. J. et al. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 2007. Flora zambesiaca. 3(3):143-147.
  10. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 11:246-248.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Tephrosia+purpurea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Green, J. W. 1985. Census of the vascular plants of Western Australia
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  15. Hosni, H. A. & Z. A. R. El-Karemy. 1993. Systematic revision of Leguminosae in Egypt. 1. Tephrosia Pers.. Sendtnera 1:247.
  16. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  17. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  19. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  20. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  21. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  22. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist
  23. Maesen, L. J. G. van der. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. uses, common names
  24. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932-. Flora of Suriname.
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  30. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  31. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  32. Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  33. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=80167. Accessed 21 October 2019.