Taxon: Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.

 
Genus: Tephrosia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Papilionoideae
      Tribe: Millettieae
Nomen number: 80167
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 2(2):329. 1807
Name Verified on: 27-Jan-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Feb-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (cover crop fide L. J. G. van der Maesen, pers. comm.)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (considered a serious weed in India fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Bentham, G. Flora australiensis. 1863-1878 (F AustBenth)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. 1971- (F Senegal)
  • Bosman, M. T. M. & A. J. P. De Haas 1983. A revision of the genus Tephrosia (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in Malesia (Blumea) 28:464.
  • Craib, W. G. & A. F. G. Kerr, eds. Florae siamensis enumeratio. 1925-1962 (F Siam)
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. 2002 (Leg Madag)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:246-248.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Green, J. W. Census of the vascular plants of Western Australia. 1985 (L WAust)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Hosni, H. A. & Z. A. R. El-Karemy 1993. Systematic revision of Leguminosae in Egypt. 1. Tephrosia Pers. (Sendtnera) 1:247.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. 1932- (F Suriname)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

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