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Taxon: Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent.

 
Genus: Caladium
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Caladieae
Nomen number: 8333
Place of publication: Mag. Encycl. 4(16):464. [22 Dec 1800-21 Jan] 1801 (Descr. pl. nouv. ad t. 30. 1801 Mar)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (n.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (also cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in tropics)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Birdsey, M. R. 1951. The cultivated aroids.
  3. Deng, Z. 2018. Chapter 12. Caladium. Handbook of plant breeding 11: Ornamentals Springer International Publishing.. 273-299. Note: there are difficulties in assessing role of interspecific hybridization in breeding for cultivars in the genus
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae).
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  10. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  13. Loh, J. P. et al. 1999. Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) provides molecular markers for the identfication of Caladium bicolor cultivars. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 84:155-161. Note: Caladium bicolor is cultivated by its ornamental foliage; it has many cultivars of unverified origin; AFLP technique was tested on six cultivars of C. bicolor, and it provided an accurate confirmation of their origins
  14. Madison, M. T. 1981. Notes on Caladium (Araceae) and its allies. Selbyana 5:370-373. Note: treats in a broad sense
  15. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  18. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  19. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  20. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  21. Thompson, R. L. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. English common names
  22. Thongpukdee, A. et al. 2010. Somaclonal variation of Caladium bicolor (Ait.) Vent. 'Jao Ying' after in vitro culture propagation. Acta Hort. 855:281-288. Note: changes in culture media concentrations affect callus foliar variation
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  24. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.

Check other web resources for Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Caladium bicolor cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8333. Accessed 18 September 2019.