Taxon: Calendula officinalis L.

 
Genus: Calendula
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Calenduleae
Nomen number: 8457
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:921. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 37 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring ()
  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Herbal Drugs)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (cult. in temperate regions)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.)
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Pichincha]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (probable origin Mediterranean region)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  8. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  19. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  20. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  23. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  24. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  26. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:86.
  31. Ohle, H. 1974. Beiträge zur Taxonomie der Gattung Calendula. II. Taxonomische Revision der südeuropäischen perennierenden Calendula-Sippen Feddes Repert. 85:263-264.
  32. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  34. Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  36. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Calendula officinalis L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8457. Accessed 21 April 2018.