Taxon: Calendula officinalis L.

 
Genus: Calendula
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Calenduleae
Nomen number: 8457
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:921. 1753
Name Verified on: 28-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 62 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Herbal Drugs)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin Mediterranean region

    Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Haryana, - Punjab, - Uttar Pradesh
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Norway; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Pichincha

  • Cultivated:

    . cult. in temperate regions

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:86.
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Ohle, H. 1974. Beiträge zur Taxonomie der Gattung Calendula. II. Taxonomische Revision der südeuropäischen perennierenden Calendula-Sippen Feddes Repert. 85:263-264.
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Rostliny, L. Katalog Léçivých Rostlin & Malý Herbá&r Léçivých Rostlin. 1984-1985 (Kat Lev Ros)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Calendula officinalis L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image