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Taxon: Calendula officinalis L.

 
Genus: Calendula
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Calenduleae
Nomen number: 8457
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:921. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358942
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 28-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 62 (37 active, 36 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Herbal Drugs)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (cult. in temperate regions)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.)
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Pichincha]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (probable origin Mediterranean region)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Ao, C. 2007. Comparative anatomy of bisexual and female florets, embryology in Calendula officinalis (Asteraceae), a naturalized horticultural crop. Sci. Hort. 114:214-219.
  5. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  6. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Calendula+officinalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  16. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  17. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  18. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  21. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  22. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  23. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  24. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  25. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  26. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  27. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  28. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  29. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  30. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  31. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:86.
  32. Ohle, H. 1974. Beiträge zur Taxonomie der Gattung Calendula. II. Taxonomische Revision der südeuropäischen perennierenden Calendula-Sippen. Feddes Repert. 85:263-264.
  33. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  34. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  35. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  37. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Calendula officinalis L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8457. Accessed 13 November 2019.