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Taxon: Calotropis gigantea (L.) W. T. Aiton

 
Genus: Calotropis
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Asclepiadeae
Subtribe: Asclepiadinae
Nomen number: 8652
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 2:78. 1811
Link to protologue:
Comment: the generic treatment and the species description in Hortus kewensis is not attributed to "Brown mss." so W. T. Aiton is the author of the name (see Melbourne ICN Art. 46 Ex. 23)
Name Verified on: 07-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Gabon, Zaire
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Seychelles

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory (n.), Queensland (n.)]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Tuamotu Archipelago]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Samoa

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Trinidad and Tobago
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 2:22.
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  7. DeFilipps, R. A. Ornamental garden plants of the Guianas. 1992 (Orn Pl Guian)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (L Micrones)
  11. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  12. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  13. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  15. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  16. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  17. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  19. Jagtap. A. P. & N. P. Singh 1999. Asclepiadaceae (Fasc F India) 24:9-11.
  20. Krings, A. et al. 2005. New and rediscovered milkweeds from Cuba: Calotropis gigantea and Gonolobus stephanotrichus (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) (Willdenowia) 35:315-318.
  21. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of China Checklist (on-line resource). (L China)
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  27. Rahman, M. A. & C. C. Wilcock 1991. A taxonomic revision of Calotropis (Asclepiadaceae) Nordic J. Bot. 11:301-308.
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Calotropis gigantea (L.) W. T. Aiton :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8652. Accessed 18 November 2018.