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Taxon: Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton

 
Genus: Calotropis
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Asclepiadeae
Subtribe: Asclepiadinae
Nomen number: 8653
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 2:78. 1811
Link to protologue:
Comment: the generic treatment and the species description in Hortus kewensis is not attributed to "Brown mss." so W. T. Aiton is the author of the name (see Shenzhen ICN Art. 46 Ex. 25)
Name Verified on: 07-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea [Bioko]
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Israel, Jordan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [North-West]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (s.)]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. 2005. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  5. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  6. Brandao, M. 1995. Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br.: uma nova invasora de pastagens já problemática em Minas Gerais (Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br.: a problem pasture invader in Minas Gerais). Daphne 5:68-71. Note: weed in Minas Gerais, Brazil
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  8. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  9. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  10. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  13. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  14. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  15. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. 1979, 1986. Index nomina genericorum Note: 1979; suppl. 1986
  16. Fontella P., J. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  17. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Calotropis+procera&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  18. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  19. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  20. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  21. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  22. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  23. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  24. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  25. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  26. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  27. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  28. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  29. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  30. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  31. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  32. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  33. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  34. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  35. Jagtap. A. P. & N. P. Singh. 1999. Asclepiadaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 24:11-14.
  36. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  37. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  38. Krings, A. et al. 2005. New and rediscovered milkweeds from Cuba: Calotropis gigantea and Gonolobus stephanotrichus (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae). Willdenowia 35:315-318.
  39. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  40. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  41. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  42. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  43. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  44. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  45. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  46. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  47. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  48. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  49. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  50. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  51. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  52. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  53. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  54. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  55. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  56. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  57. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: cultivated
  58. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8653. Accessed 16 July 2019.