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Taxon: Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton

 
Genus: Calotropis
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Asclepiadeae
Subtribe: Asclepiadinae
Nomen number: 8653
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 2:78. 1811
Link to protologue:
Comment: the generic treatment and the species description in Hortus kewensis is not attributed to "Brown mss." so W. T. Aiton is the author of the name (see Melbourne ICN Art. 46 Ex. 23)
Name Verified on: 07-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea [Bioko]
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Israel, Jordan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [North West]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (s.)]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2005 (L Cabo Verde)
  5. Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  6. Brandao, M. 1995. Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br.: uma nova invasora de pastagens já problemática em Minas Gerais (Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br.: a problem pasture invader in Minas Gerais) (Daphne) 5:68-71.
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  9. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  10. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  11. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  12. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  13. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  14. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  15. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  16. Fontella P., J. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  17. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  18. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  19. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  20. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  21. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  22. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  23. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  24. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  25. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  26. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  27. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  28. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  29. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  30. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  31. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  32. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  33. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  34. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  35. Jagtap. A. P. & N. P. Singh 1999. Asclepiadaceae (Fasc F India) 24:11-14.
  36. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  37. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  38. Krings, A. et al. 2005. New and rediscovered milkweeds from Cuba: Calotropis gigantea and Gonolobus stephanotrichus (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) (Willdenowia) 35:315-318.
  39. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  40. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  41. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  42. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  43. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  44. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  45. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  46. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  47. Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  48. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  49. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  50. Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  51. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  52. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  53. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  54. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  55. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  56. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  57. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  58. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8653. Accessed 21 November 2018.