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Taxon: Caltha palustris L.

 
Genus: Caltha
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Caltheae
Nomen number: 8657
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:558. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (4 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • cowflock  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • cowslip  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • kingcup  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • marsh-marigold  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • meadow-bright  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • marsh-marigold  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • populage des marais  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • kabbleka  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China (n. & w.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal (n.), Spain (n.)

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 102.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Caltha+palustris&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  10. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  13. Keener, C. S. 1977. Studies in the Ranunculaceae of the southeastern United States: 6. Miscellaneous genera. Sida 7:6.
  14. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  20. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  21. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  22. Smit, P. G. 1973. A revision of Caltha (Ranunculaceae). Blumea 21:137.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  25. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Ranunculaceae&GenusID=Caltha&SpeciesID=palustris target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Caltha palustris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8657. Accessed 15 October 2019.