Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Canarium ovatum Engl.

Genus: Canarium
Family: Burseraceae
Nomen number: 8819
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle & A. C. de Candolle, Monogr. phan. 4:110. 1883
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32413053
Comment: predominantly dioecious plant
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 20 (5 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: nut (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:56. 2000) oil/fat (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:56. 2000)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:56. 2000) gum/resin (a source of Manila-elemi) gum/resin (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:56. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:56. 2000)

Distributional Range:


    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Cultivated (also cult.)


  1. Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 18:55.
  2. Coronel, R. E. 1997. Pili nut. Canarium ovatum Engl.. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 6:1-57.
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Canarium+ovatum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  4. Leenhouts, P. W. 1959. Revision of the Burseraceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. Xa. Canarium Stickm.. Blumea 9(2):364-365.
  5. Lemmens, R. H. M. J. et al., eds. 1995. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 5(2):104.
  6. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  7. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  8. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  9. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  10. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  11. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  12. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  13. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:105.

Check other web resources for Canarium ovatum Engl. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8819. Accessed 14 December 2019.