Taxon: Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.

 
Genus: Canavalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Diocleinae
Nomen number: 8827
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:404. 1825
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/153710
Typification:
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-May-2018
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 24 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (green manure fide Pl Res SEAs 4:75. 1992)
  • Human food: vegetable ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo Leon]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]


    Cultivated (cult. worldwide)

    Naturalized



    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba (prob. weedy), Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico


    Other (origin from cult. of American Indians)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  5. Beyra Matos, A. et al. 2004. Revisión taxonómica del género Canavalia DC. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) en Cuba Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 28(107):157-175.
  6. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  7. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. (Esp Veg Prom) 8:108-187.
  8. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  14. Jardim e Museu Agricola do Ultramar, Portugal Flora de Sao Tome e Principe. (F STomPrin)
  15. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. Morris, J. B. 2007. Swordbean (Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.) genetic resources regenerated for potential medical, nutraceutical and agricultural traits Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:585-592.
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:87.
  20. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  24. Sauer, J. 1964. Revision of Canavalia (Brittonia) 16:110, 142-144.
  25. Sauer, J. & L. Kaplan 1969. Canavalia beans in American prehistory Amer. Antiquity 34:417-424.
  26. She, C.-W. et al. 2017. Molecular cytogenetic characterization and comparison of the two cultivated Canavalia species Comp. Cytogenet. 11:579-600.
  27. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  28. Snak, C. et al. 2016. A dated phylogeny of the papilionoid legume genus Canavalia reveals recent diversification by a pantropical liana lineage Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 98:133-146.
  29. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:74-76.
  30. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  31. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  32. Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. (Leg New Guinea)
  33. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  34. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  36. Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)

Check other web resources for Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8827. Accessed 18 June 2018.